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Over the past 25 years, I have done 100+ times Everest Base Camp trek, and over those years I have made many amazing journeys into the Everest region as guide with many great people. Even though the Everest Base Camp trail is a trekking route, many risks are presented that people need to be aware of and prepare for, luckily there were not any serious issue all the trips which were leading by myself.
If you are trekking to Everest Base Camp make sure you have 2 nights in Namche Bazaar and 2 nights at Dingboche or Pheriche above 4000m. on the way up the trail which will give you a safer and more enjoyable experience going to altitude.. You need to maintain a slow pace that our guides set. You need to focus on deep breaths in through your nose and out through your mouth. Your goal should be to keep your heart rate as low as possible at all times.
There is objective danger on many parts of the trek, including other people, porters, yaks, donkeys, rock fall and landslides. You need to make sure you are aware of your surroundings at all times and watch each step you take. Your personal safety has to be your main concern at all times on the trail.
When you get cold water in your bottle on the trail, you MUST treat the water with water purification tablets before you drink it. Drinking dirty water will ruin your trip. You can buy bottled water, we advise against this as there is currently no way to recycle the plastic bottles in the region.
When you are training at sea level, you should be drinking a liter of water per hour of exercise so when on the trail, you need to be drinking at least 4/5 liters each day. THERE IS ABSOLUTELY NO EXCEPTIONS TO THIS RULE. The International Society for mountain medicine defines high altitude as between 1,524m / 5,000 feet and 3,500m / 11,500 feet, very high altitude as between 3,500m / 11,500 feet and 5,486m / 18,000 feet, and extreme altitude as any height above that. The higher you go, the greater the effects are on your body and the more important it is to stay hydrated. We dehydrate much faster at high altitude, and when you fail to stay hydrated, you run the risk of altitude sickness and ultimately ruining your trek. You may not realize how much water you are losing through exertion, but the lower oxygen levels make you breathe in and out faster and more deeply, so that you lose more water through respiration. According to the wilderness medical society, you lose water through respiration at high altitude twice as quickly as you do at sea level. High altitude can also make you need to urinate more often and can blunt your thirst response, putting you at even greater risk of dehydration.
In order words COME PREPARED!! On the trail, you will be walking for 11+ days straight, with 30% to 50% less oxygen than your body would be used to having at sea level, which puts your muscles, heart and body under a lot of pressure. Having trained before you go will make easy your trip. however you do not want to be moving fast up the trail each day. Our pace will be slow and steady, with plenty of breaks especially on the longer hills, which can last for 2 hours. You need to regulate your heart rate as you slowly move higher each day.
Our treks to Everest base have 4 quality days of acclimatization on the trail, with 2 days in Namche Bazaar 3,440m and 2 days at Dingbouche or Phireche 4,400m. You need to be able to manage your ascent safely and never be afraid to let your guide know how you feel. Altitude sickness can kill, so respect the mountains, respect the decisions our guides make. You need to make sure you pick our trek with adequate acclimatization built in. Our guides are trained to deal with altitude sickness so let us help.
You need to look out for yourself and other people around you on your trek. Team work is essential for safe group travel, look out for each other and you will enjoy the journey a lot more. If people can not keep our minimum pace they should be turned around before they become a risk to themselves and others.
I see too many people on the trail with cotton clothing, a poor quality hiking or trekking boots, small insufficient day packs and the wrong clothing with minimal water. Mt. Everest and the Everest base camp trek demands respect. The conditions can be harsh even in the main trekking seasons of April, May, September, October and November. You need to make sure you have a proper light weight day pack that is at least 35 liters, that can hold 3 liters of water, water proof rain gear, down jacket, poles, sun cream, personal medication, liner gloves, your personal first aid kit and other personal kit you may need. On any given day it could be hot, cold, rainy, hailing, snowing or windy so make sure you have the right gear each day as you walk up the trail to Everest.
There are more and more shower facilities, western toilets, sinks and mirrors than ever before on the trail. There is also better and well prepared food in most of the lodges. On our treks, we use the better quality lodges but there are still dirty lodges with unclean practices out there, and you need to stay away from them. You will need to use hand sanitizer, cut your nails, clean your body and make sure you are limiting the risk of getting sick from dirty hands or touching unclean surfaces. Be aware you are in a remote wilderness location with limited resources and services, so please keep clean for a more enjoyable journey up the trail to Mt. Everest base camp.
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